Like any other term or word, disability refers to the inability to perform the duties assigned to a
person. It also means that the person cannot live independently in freedom. A person with a
disability might not show obvious signs of impairment. There are many ways to determine the
degree of disability. The primary types of evaluations that healthcare providers and systems can
One of the primary methods for diagnosing disability is to assess the severity of the disability.
Secondary conditions that can develop after a disability include those caused by aging. These
conditions can be caused by many factors. Stroke, heart disease, pulmonary embolism and
complications from chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) are all common causes of disability
in the elderly. Many young people are diagnosed with Down’s syndrome, Parkinson’s disease,
cerebral palsy or Parkinson’s disease when they experience a disability. The best way to
maximize the functional abilities of the disabled is to acquire skills and perform daily tasks that
are comparable to those of healthy people.
As we age, several conditions cause disabilities. Examples of such conditions include
osteoporosis (also known as HIV/AIDS), cancer, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary
diseases, and leukemia. These conditions usually affect younger people more than the older.
Seniors may have difficulty moving due to reduced muscle mass and decreased circulation.
People in middle age are more likely to develop disabilities in the later years.
Assisted living is a growing specialty in the health care field for older adults. This specialized
care can provide assistance with everyday activities. Activities of daily living (ADL), also known
as bathing, dressing, getting dressed, and walking, are all part of daily life. Assistive Living is
designed to assist with tasks that can easily be done by another person. ADL also involves the
assistance with grooming and personal care.
Two important long-term national programs focused on development of disability resources for
older adults is the Federal Long Term Care Research (FLTC) Program and the Rehabilitation
Research Improvement Program (RRIP). The Older Americans Act (OASCA) established the
federal RRIP program. The RRIP aims to improve the quality of life for individuals with
disabilities and promote integration in the community. Additionally, the program helps persons
with disabilities participate in the workforce and benefit from a broad range of services and
In order to assist older people with disabilities in gaining independence and enhancing their
quality of life, there are many programs initiated by the State Social Security Board (SSB). Most
of these programs focus on providing assistance with the most common long-term health
conditions and disabilities. Since 1991, when the SSB started offering these services, the SSB
have made many improvements to their services and changed its policies, procedures, and
practices. These changes have made it more likely that SSB will continue to provide coverage
and benefits to individuals who might be able to use it to gain a better quality of life.
Individuals with disabilities can also get income from other sources than federally funded
programs and state programs. Some disability insurance is offered by employers to employees.
Others are provided as unclaimed benefits when an employee dies. Medicaid is a program that
provides health care for low-income Americans. Medicaid benefits are available to individuals
with disabilities who can’t pay for their own medical costs. Some people are eligible for Medicaid
even if they have incomes that are considered too low for them to qualify for federal aid.
There have been many policy and disability research developments that aim to improve the
health and social inclusion of people with disabilities. The fifth edition of the Qualifying
Conditions Manual, or QCS, was developed by the National Commission for Disability Research.
The fifth edition clarifies that disabling conditions are covered by the law and provides a more
accurate definition. The previous edition included a list listing 56 disabilities. However, the
revised editions include a more comprehensive list of disabilities as well as a detailed
explanation of the benefits available for each one.